Monthly International Indexes of Consumer Prices

January 2015

5 Mar. 2015

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Monthly ILC reports discontinued; related data available via other programs   

Monthly data series on consumer prices and employment have been discontinued as part of International Labor Comparisons (ILC) and have been transitioned to The Conference Board Business Cycle Indicators (BCI) program. Monthly international indicators on inflation, employment and unemployment in the BCI database are prepared using ILC methodologies. To download these indicators, see the US BCI series.


                                      More Information about Consumer Prices


What is the Difference between the CPI and the HICP?
Why Do We Care about Inflation?

Insight Minute Video: Will deflation affect your investment decisions?

In January 2014, annual inflation as measured by the Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) decreased in 14 of 16 countries compared. 11 countries experienced deflation in January, the largest number since July 2009. The continued decline of oil prices in 2015 was a main cause of the deflationary environment. Only Sweden (0.4 percent) experienced an increase in inflation.  See Table 1 and Table 2.  

The United States experienced the largest decline in January from 0.2 percent to -1.0 percent, crossing the deflationary boundary. Spain, however, continued to have the lowest inflation level at -1.5 percent, and has been in a deflationary environment since July of last year.

December inflation remained below 1 percent in all countries compared, except Japan (2.9 percent) and Norway (1.9 percent). All countries covered except Japan and Sweden experienced lower inflation in January than one year ago.  See Table 1.

Table 1. HICP-based annual inflation rate, 2012 - 2015

Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices (HICP), percent change from the previous year

 20122013Jan-14Nov-14Dec-14Jan-15
United States 2.2 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.2 -1.0
Austria 2.6 2.1 1.5 1.5 0.8 0.5
Belgium 2.6 1.2 1.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.6
Denmark 2.4 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.1 -0.3
Euro Area 2.5 1.3 0.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.6
European Union 2.6 1.5 0.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.5
France 2.2 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4
Germany 2.2 1.6 1.2 0.5 0.1 -0.5
Italy 3.3 1.3 0.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.5
Japan 0.0 0.5 1.6 3.0 3.0 2.9
Netherlands 2.8 2.6 0.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.7
Norway 0.4 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Spain 2.4 1.5 0.3 -0.5 -1.1 -1.5
Sweden 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4
Switzerland -0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1
United Kingdom 2.8 2.5 1.8 0.9 0.5 0.3
Note: The harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP) is an internationally comparable measure of consumer price inflation. Underlying HICPs are from the national statistical agencies of the countries compared and from the European Commission (Eurostat). Inflation rates are calculated by The Conference Board.
For more information, see the Technical Notes and Country Notes. 
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program 

 

Table 2. Change in HICP-based annual inflation rate, 2012 - 2015

Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices (HICP), percentage point change in inflation from the previous period

 20122013Jan-14Nov-14Dec-14Jan-15
United States -1.7 -0.9 0.1 -0.5 -0.7 -1.2
Austria -1.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.7 -0.3
Belgium -0.8 -1.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2
Denmark -0.3 -2.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4
Euro Area -0.2 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 -0.4
European Union -0.5 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4
France -0.1 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5
Germany -0.3 -0.6 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6
Italy 0.4 -2.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.4
Japan 0.3 0.5 -0.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.1
Netherlands 0.3 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6
Norway -0.8 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1
Spain -0.7 -0.9 0.0 -0.3 -0.6 -0.4
Sweden -0.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1
Switzerland -0.9 0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0
United Kingdom -1.7 -0.3 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2
Note: The harmonized index of consumer prices (HICP) is an internationally comparable measure of consumer price inflation. Underlying HICPs are from the national statistical agencies of the countries compared and from the European Commission (Eurostat). Inflation rates are calculated by The Conference Board.
For more information, see the Technical Notes and Country Notes
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program 

 

Table 3. CPI-based annual inflation rate, 2012 - 2015

Consumer Prices Indexes (CPI), percent change from the previous year

 20122013Jan-14Nov-14Dec-14Jan-15
United States 2.1 1.5 1.6 1.3 0.8 -0.1
Austria 2.5 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.0 0.7
Belgium 2.8 1.1 1.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.6
Canada 1.5 0.9 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.0
Denmark 2.4 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.3 -0.1
France 2.0 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.1 -0.4
Germany 2.0 1.5 1.3 0.6 0.2 -0.4
Italy 3.0 1.2 0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.6
Japan 0.0 0.3 1.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Netherlands 2.5 2.5 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.0
Norway 0.8 2.1 2.3 1.9 2.1 2.0
Spain 2.4 1.4 0.2 -0.4 -1.0 -1.3
Sweden 0.9 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2
Switzerland -0.7 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.4
United Kingdom 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.0 1.6 1.1
Note: The consumer price index (CPI) is a measure of consumer price inflation that is not strictly comparable across countries. Underlying CPIs are from the national statistical agencies of the countries compared. Inflation rates are calculated by The Conference Board. 
For more information, see the Technical Notes and Country Notes
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program 

 

Table 4. Change in CPI-based annual inflation rate, 2012 - 2015

Consumer Price Indexes (CPI), percentage point change in inflation from the previous period

 20122013Jan-14Nov-14Dec-14Jan-15
United States -1.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.4 -0.5 -0.9
Austria -0.8 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 -0.7 -0.3
Belgium -0.7 -1.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2
Canada -1.4 -0.6 0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.5
Denmark -0.4 -1.6 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.4
France -0.1 -1.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.5
Germany -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6
Italy 0.2 -1.8 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.6
Japan 0.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 0.0
Netherlands 0.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.7
Norway -0.4 1.3 0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.1
Spain -0.8 -1.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3
Sweden -2.1 -0.9 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.1
Switzerland -1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.1
United Kingdom -2.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5
Note: The consumer price index (CPI) is a measure of consumer price inflation that is not strictly comparable across countries. Underlying CPIs are from the national statistical agencies of the countries compared. Inflation rates are calculated by The Conference Board. 
For more information, see the Technical Notes and Country Notes
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program 
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