International Comparisons of Manufacturing Productivity and Unit Labor Costs Trends, Report Tables

Table 2. Unit labor costs, compensation, and output

National currency basis, manufacturing, 19 countries, 1979-2012

Average Annual compound rates of change

CountryIndicator1979-20122007-20122010-20112011-2012
United States
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
0.2
2.8
2.6
-0.3
-0.4
-0.1
0.9
3.4
2.5
-1.8
4.2
6.2
Australia
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
NA
NA
1.1
2.1
1.1
-1.0
3.3
2.9
-0.4
1.6
-0.2
-1.8
Beligum
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
1.2
2.3
1.1
2.4
0.2
-2.1
-0.9
2.0
3.0
4.7
2.1
-2.5
Canada
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
2.0
3.5
1.4
0.2
-1.7
-1.9
0.3
2.8
2.4
1.5
3.0
1.6
Czech Republic
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
NA
NA
NA
-1.7
0.9
2.7
-3.1
5.2
8.6
2.8
2.8
0.0
Denmark
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
2.5
3.4
0.9
0.5
-1.4
-1.9
-1.0
2.1
3.0
-2.1
0.6
2.7
Finland
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
1.5
4.6
3.1
6.3
-0.6
-6.5
5.4
4.2
-1.1
10.6
1.3
-8.4
France
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
2.2
3.1
0.9
2.2
0.6
-1.6
1.4
3.5
2.1
3.4
1.4
-1.9
Germany
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
1.3
2.6
1.3
1.9
2.0
0.1
-3.0
5.8
9.1
4.5
3.7
-0.7
Italy
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
4.4
5.3
0.9
3.1
-0.4
-3.4
1.8
2.8
1.0
4.0
-0.1
-3.9
Japan
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
-1.1
1.2
2.3
-0.4
-1.2
-0.8
4.2
1.3
-2.7
3.9
3.7
-0.2
Korea, Rep. of
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
4.0
12.7
8.3
2.2
7.3
5.0
1.4
8.9
7.3
3.1
5.4
2.2
Netherlands
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
0.6
2.5
1.9
1.8
1.2
-0.6
-2.0
1.1
3.2
3.1
2.1
-1.0
Norway
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
3.9
4.7
0.7
1.2
1.7
0.4
1.8
3.8
2.0
2.1
4.5
2.4
Singapore
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
0.2
6.9
6.6
-1.9
3.1
5.1
-2.2
5.4
7.8
1.9
2.0
0.1
Spain
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
3.8
5.2
1.4
-0.7
-3.0
-2.4
-1.3
0.0
1.3
-2.8
-3.9
-1.1
Sweden
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
1.1
4.4
3.3
0.8
0.0
-0.8
0.1
4.8
4.7
5.0
1.2
-3.6
Taiwan
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
0.5
6.9
6.4
-3.7
1.6
5.4
-1.6
4.8
6.4
1.0
1.9
1.0
United Kingdom
Unit labor costs
compensation
output
2.9
3.2
0.3
1.9
0.0
-1.9
-1.1
0.6
1.8
6.6
4.8
-1.7
 
NOTE: Output is real value added in national currency units.
German data for years before 1991 pertain to the former West Germany.
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program
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