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International Comparisons of Manufacturing Productivity and Unit Labor Costs Trends, Report Tables

Table 1. Productivity (output per hour), output, and hours worked

Manufacturing, 19 countries, 1979-2012

Average Annual compound rates of change

CountryIndicator1979-20122007-20122010-20112011-2012
United States
Output per hour
output
hours
4.0
2.6
-1.3
2.7
-0.1
-2.7
0.4
2.5
2.1
3.8
6.2
2.3
Australia
Output per hour
output
hours
1.8
1.1
-0.7
0.6
-1.0
-1.6
2.0
-0.4
-2.4
-1.3
-1.8
-0.5
Belgium
Output per hour
output
hours
2.5
1.1
-1.3
-0.5
-2.1
-1.6
-0.2
 3.0
 3.3
-1.3
-2.5
-1.2
Canada
Output per hour
output
hours
2.1
1.4
-0.6
0.8
-1.9
-2.6
1.9
2.4
0.5
0.8
1.6
0.8
Czech Republic
Output per hour
output
hours
NA
NA
NA
4.0
2.7
-1.2
6.6
8.6
1.9
-0.8
0.0
0.8
Denmark
Output per hour
output
hours
2.5
0.9
-1.6
2.5
-1.9
-4.3
1.5
3.0
1.6
4.0
2.7
-1.2
Finland
Output per hour
output
hours
4.5
3.1
-1.3
-3.9
-6.5
-2.7
-3.3
-1.1
2.2
-6.9
-8.4
-1.6
France
Output per hour
output
hours
3.1
0.9
-2.1
0.8
-1.6
-2.4
2.5
2.1
-0.4
-1.1
-1.9
-0.9
Germany
Output per hour
output
hours
2.8
1.3
-1.4
0.5
0.1
-0.4
5.6
9.1
3.3
-0.5
-0.7
-0.2
Italy
Output per hour
output
hours
2.1
0.9
-1.2
0.2
-3.4
-3.6
0.7
1.0
0.4
-0.9
-3.9
-3.0
Japan
Output per hour
output
hours
3.3
2.3
-1.0
1.2
-0.8
-2.0
-1.7
-2.7
-1.1
-4.7
-0.2
4.6
Korea, Rep. of
Output per hour
output
hours
NA
8.3
NA
5.1
5.0
-0.1
3.7
7.3
3.4
2.4
2.2
-0.1
Netherlands
Output per hour
output
hours
3.0
1.9
-1.0
0.5
-0.6
-1.0
3.7
3.2
-0.5
-1.0
-1.0
0.0
Norway
Output per hour
output
hours
1.9
0.7
-1.1
2.7
0.4
-2.2
2.0
2.0
-0.1
2.3
2.4
0.2
Singapore
Output per hour
output
hours
4.8
6.6
1.7
5.9
5.1
-0.7
8.1
7.8
-0.3
-1.4
0.1
1.5
Spain
Output per hour
output
hours
2.8
1.4
-1.4
3.1
-2.4
-5.3
2.5
1.3
-1.1
5.6
-1.1
-6.4
Sweden
Output per hour
output
hours
4.4
3.3
-1.0
1.7
-0.8
-2.4
3.2
4.7
1.4
-0.4
-3.6
-3.2
Taiwan
Output per hour
output
hours
6.0
6.4
0.4
4.9
5.4
0.5
4.3
6.4
2.0
0.4
1.0
0.6
United Kingdom
Output per hour
output
hours
3.1
0.3
-2.7
0.5
-1.9
-2.3
2.3
1.8
-0.5
-3.1
-1.7
1.5
 
NOTE: Output is real value added in national currency units.
German data for years before 1991 pertain to the former West Germany.
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program


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