CEO Confidence hit all-time high in Q2 | The Conference Board
The Conference Board uses cookies to improve our website, enhance your experience, and deliver relevant messages and offers about our products. Detailed information on the use of cookies on this site is provided in our cookie policy. For more information on how The Conference Board collects and uses personal data, please visit our privacy policy. By continuing to use this Site or by clicking "OK", you consent to the use of cookies. 

The Conference Board Measure of CEO Confidence


CEO Confidence Hits All-Time High in Q2

19 May. 2021

Another Quarter of Soaring Optimism Leaves CEO Confidence at Highest Level since Measure began in 1976

The Conference Board Measure of CEO Confidence™ in collaboration with The Business Council improved further in the second quarter of 2021, following a sharp increase in Q1. The measure now stands at 82, up from 73. This marks the highest level of CEO confidence recorded since the measure began in 1976. (A reading above 50 points reflects more positive than negative responses.)

CEOs’ assessment of current economic conditions rose substantially, after slightly moderating last quarter. In Q2, 94 percent said conditions are better compared to six months ago, up from 67 percent in Q1. CEOs also expressed greater optimism about conditions in their own industries, with 89 percent reporting better conditions compared to six months ago, up from 68 percent in Q1. Historically high expectations in Q1 climbed even further in Q2: 88 percent of CEOs expect economic conditions to improve over the next six months, up from 82 percent.

“This quarter’s survey marks a remarkable turnaround from a year ago—when CEO confidence reached a nadir of 34 at the height of COVID-19’s first wave,” said Dana Peterson, Chief Economist of The Conference Board. “For CEOs, the challenge of navigating a once-in-a-century pandemic is receding, as the focus turns to hiring and investing to compete in an economy poised to see the fastest growth in decades over the months ahead.”

In the job market, the pace of hiring is expected to accelerate over the next 12 months, with 54 percent of CEOs expecting to expand their workforce, up from 47 percent in Q1. While the outlook for wages was virtually unchanged in Q2, more CEOs are reporting difficulty finding qualified workers—57 percent in Q2, up from 50 percent in Q1.

 “Optimism is surging in C-suites and boardrooms across industries,” said Roger W. Ferguson, Jr., Vice Chairman of The Business Council and Trustee of The Conference Board. “For CEOs, the challenge is no longer staying afloat, but keeping pace—in particular, with a likely resurgence of the labor shortages experienced before the pandemic.” 


Current Conditions

CEOs’ assessment of general economic conditions rose sharply in Q2:

  • 94% of CEOs reported economic conditions were better compared to six months ago, up from 67% in Q1.
  • Only 2% said conditions were worse, down from 10%.

CEOs were similarly optimistic about conditions in their own industries in Q2:

  • 89% of CEOs reported that conditions in their industries were better compared to six months ago, up from 68%.
  • Only 4% said conditions in their own industries were worse, down from 8%.  

Future Conditions

Expectations about the short-term economic outlook improved further in Q2:

  • 88% percent of CEOs said they expect economic conditions to improve over the next six months, up from 82% in Q1.
  • Only 1% expect conditions to worsen, down from 7%.

CEOs’ expectations regarding short-term prospects in their own industries also improved in Q2:

  • 81% of CEOs expect conditions in their own industry to improve over the next six months, up from 78%.
  • Only 4% expected conditions to worsen, down from 7%.

Capital Spending, Employment, Recruiting, and Wages

The survey also gauged CEOs’ expectations about four key actions their companies plan on taking over the next 12 months.

  • Capital Spending: 47% of CEOs expect to increase their capital budgets in the year ahead, up from 45% in Q1.
  • Employment: 54% of CEOs expect to expand their workforce, up from 47% in Q1.
  • Hiring Qualified People: 57% of CEOs report some problems attracting qualified workers, up from 50% in Q1. Notably, 28% report difficulties that cut across the organization, rather than concentrated in a few key areas—up from 18% in Q1.
  • Wages: 37% of CEOs expect to increase wages by 3% or more over the next year, virtually unchanged from 36% in Q1.


About The Conference Board

The Conference Board is the member-driven think tank that delivers trusted insights for what’s ahead. Founded in 1916, we are a non-partisan, not-for-profit entity holding 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt status in the United States.

About The Business Council

The Business Council is a forum for the CEOs of the world’s largest multinational corporations across all industry sectors. Members gather several times each year to share best practices, network and engage in intellectually provocative, enlightening discussions with peers and thought-leaders in business, government, academia, science, technology and other disciplines. Through the medium of discussion, the Council seeks to foster greater understanding of the major opportunities and challenges facing business, and to create consensus for solutions. Visit The Business Council’s website at 

For further information contact:

Joseph Diblasi
1 781 308 7935

Global Indicators
Economy Watch

Monthly report that provides economic forecast and insights to both global and domestic businesses.

Learn more

Straight Talk June 2021

StraightTalk® Powering Growth: Postpandemic Recovery & Risks



Economy Watch

Economy Watch

September 15, 2021

Labor Markets Watch

Labor Markets Watch

September 22, 2021

Economy Watch

Economy Watch

October 13, 2021


Support Our Work

Support our nonpartisan, nonprofit research and insights that help leaders address societal challenges.