The human capital challenge for businesses in 2017 is about culture and talent. In a year of disruption, CEO respondents to our annual survey emphasize the need for strong organizational cultures. That means cultures that foster inclusiveness, engagement, and talent development as performance imperatives. It means human capital strategies that aim to develop effective leaders and train existing employees to address the impact of labor shortages. It means acknowledging the current digital skills gap and tackling it through training and investment. And it means making sure emerging millennial leaders have the essential traits to take organizations into the future.