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The Gateless Gate is a thirteenth-century collection of puzzling cases compiled by a Chinese master of Chan Buddhism (known more widely by its Japanese name Zen). The 48 items were used as a training manual to evoke “great doubt” about the certainty of events. The Gateless Gate is also an apt description of China's “open-door policy,” which is a hotly debated aspect of China's economic reform. MNCs are reporting that as China's reforms evolve, the economy is becoming more open to foreign participation while other avenues are becoming more closed.