Rapid technological change and dramatic improvement in transportation and logistics have given rise to newly organized global production networks and value chains that require sophisticated skills, capabilities, and strategies at all levels. Policymakers from developing nations need to focus more than ever on understanding the ways firms in their countries are linked with their global counterparts—not only in exchange and distribution, but also throughout the overall production. As the global production networks evolve, multinational companies are increasingly engaging central and regional governments regarding infrastructure, connectivity, innovation, regulation, and revenue management issues.
This report highlights a study by The Conference Board and World Bank, investigating global buyer and producer perspectives on trade competiveness and integration of poor countries in the global supply chain. Research focused on three key industries—agribusiness, apparel, and retail distribution (fast-moving consumer goods) that have emerged in many industrial countries as the launching pads for further industrialization.