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International Comparisons of Manufacturing Productivity and Unit Labor Costs Trends, 2016 - Summary Table 1

17 May 2017

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Growth trend in productivity (output per hour), output, and hours worked, Manufacturing sector, 1999–2016
CountryIndicator1999-20062007-201420152016
United States   Output per hour 6.3 1.8 0.6 -0.1
Output 3.4 0.2 1.5 -0.1
Hours -2.7 -1.6 0.9 0.0
Australia   Output per hour 2.1 1.0 0.0 -1.7
Output 1.5 -0.6 -2.1 -2.7
Hours -0.6 -1.6 -2.1 -0.9
Austria   Output per hour 4.1 2.0 1.5 1.2
Output 3.5 1.4 1.8 1.7
Hours -0.6 -0.6 0.3 0.5
Belgium   Output per hour 3.1 3.4 6.4 1.8
Output 2.1 1.1 5.3 1.8
Hours -1.0 -2.2 -1.1 0.0
Canada   Output per hour 2.4 1.4 -0.9 1.5
Output 1.9 -1.4 0.2 0.6
Hours -0.5 -2.7 1.1 -0.9
Czech Republic   Output per hour 9.9 3.1 5.4 1.6
Output 8.6 2.8 8.0 5.1
Hours -1.2 -0.3 2.4 3.4
Denmark   Output per hour 2.9 3.7 1.4 1.5
Output 0.8 0.8 2.8 3.8
Hours -2.1 -2.8 1.4 2.3
Finland   Output per hour 7.1 -0.1 -1.4 1.0
Output 6.6 -3.0 -2.6 0.6
Hours -0.5 -2.9 -1.3 -0.3
France   Output per hour 4.5 1.8 3.5 1.6
Output 2.3 -0.2 2.6 0.4
Hours -2.2 -2.0 -0.9 -1.2
Germany   Output per hour 4.0 0.9 0.5 2.2
Output 2.7 1.2 1.3 1.9
Hours -1.2 0.2 0.8 -0.3
Ireland   Output per hour 8.3 2.4 26.7 -2.1
Output 6.9 -1.1 31.5 1.1
Hours -1.3 -3.4 3.8 3.3
Italy   Output per hour 1.5 1.2 1.9 -1.0
Output 1.0 -1.7 2.4 1.1
Hours -0.5 -2.9 0.5 2.1
Japan   Output per hour 3.7 1.6 1.8 -1.7
Output 2.2 0.2 1.3 -1.0
Hours -1.4 -1.4 -0.5 0.7
Netherlands   Output per hour 4.3 1.1 1.4 2.3
Output 2.5 0.0 1.2 3.3
Hours -1.7 -1.1 -0.2 1.0
Norway   Output per hour 3.0 2.1 0.6 -0.6
Output 1.5 1.3 -3.2 -4.5
Hours -1.4 -0.8 -3.7 -3.9
Singapore   Output per hour 5.0 3.2 -1.4 7.9
Output 7.6 4.5 -5.1 3.6
Hours 2.4 1.3 -3.7 -4.0
South Korea   Output per hour 7.8 4.4 -0.1 2.1
Output 9.6 5.1 1.8 2.3
Hours 1.8 0.7 1.9 0.2
Spain   Output per hour 2.1 2.3 4.6 0.9
Output 2.8 -2.0 7.0 3.1
Hours 0.7 -4.2 2.3 2.2
Sweden   Output per hour 6.9 1.5 4.5 1.0
Output 5.8 -0.5 4.4 0.6
Hours -1.1 -2.0 -0.1 -0.4
Taiwan   Output per hour 7.4 5.8 -0.3 5.9
Output 7.3 6.5 -0.9 2.3
Hours -0.1 0.7 -0.5 -3.5
United Kingdom   Output per hour 4.8 0.9 -1.1 1.6
Output 0.3 -0.6 -0.2 0.8
Hours -4.3 -1.5 0.9 -0.9
Note:
NA = Not Available
“Output” is defined as real value added.
Data for all countries relate to all employed persons (employees and self-employed workers), except for Taiwan, where data relate to employees (wage and salary earners) and Singapore where data for compensation refer to employees (wage and salary earners).
Data for all countries are prepared according to the System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008 or its European counterpart, the European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010).
“Compensation” data are used as a proxy for “Labor Cost” when payroll tax and subsidies data are not available to adjust worker compensation to an employer labor cost basis. See country notes for more details.

 

For complete definitions and country information, see Technical Notes and Country Notes.
Source: The Conference Board, International Labor Comparisons program, May 2017






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