The Conference Board International Labor Comparisons
ILC is dedicated to producing economic indicators that optimize research, comparison, and planning in a global context.
ILC Data by Indicator
ILC Features and Special Studies
Monthly ILC reports discontinued; related data available via other programs
Monthly data series on consumer prices and employment have been discontinued as part of International Labor Comparisons (ILC) and have been transitioned to The Conference Board Business Cycle Indicators (BCI) program. Monthly international indicators on inflation, employment and unemployment in the BCI database are prepared using ILC methodologies. To download these indicators, see the US BCI series.
Charting International Labor Comparisons
21 Mar. 2014
Compare national labor markets and international competitiveness through charts and accompanying insights. Charts highlight labor costs, labor productivity, and other comparable indicators for up to 38 countries, including emerging economies. Learn More
07 Apr. 2015
In February, among Euro Area countries compared, labor markets improved or remained steady in France, Germany and the Netherlands, while the labor market deteriorated in Italy, where unemployment rose and employment levels declined. Outside of Europe, US unemployment decreased to the lowest level since May 2008, while Japan’s unemployment fell below 3 percent and employment once again reached pre-recession levels.
To download monthly international unemployment rates and employment indexes, visit The Conference Board Business Cycle Indicators (BCI) program. International comparisons of monthly indicators are part of the U.S. BCI series. See country notes and technical notes associated with these series.
28 Aug. 2014
In the US, Canada, Germany, and Japan, rapidly falling unemployment rates reflect tightening labor markets. In contrast, high unemployment and increasing labor participation rates in Europe has resulted in an excess of available labor willing to fill jobs. Across most countries, growing numbers of women and older workers are joining the workforce, while youth are struggling to find jobs and increasingly dropping out of the labor force. Learn More
17 Dec. 2014
Relative to 2012, Japan, Greece, Brazil, Australia, Singapore, Canada and Taiwan all saw decreases in US dollar-denominated hourly compensation costs, reflecting improved labor-cost competitiveness against the US in 2013. There is also a wide disparity of labor-cost trends within the Euro Area, as European labor markets recover differently. Further, the latest compensation trends suggest that India is better placed than China to maintain and extend its manufacturing competitiveness.
Compensation costs by sub-manufacturing industry and special estimates on manufacturing compensation in China and India are accessible in time series tables and interactive dashboards. Learn More
17 Dec. 2013
In 2012, productivity weakened in 12 of the 19 economies compared. Nearly all Euro Area countries compared saw larger declines in unit labor costs than the US, meaning these countries increased their competitive edge against US manufacturing. On the other hand, unit labor costs rose across all Asian economies compared, making manufacturing in these countries less competitive. Learn more.
07 Apr. 2015
In February, recent inflation trends reversed course due to rising oil prices in Europe and the United States. Rising oil prices contributed to an increase in annual inflation in 11 of 17 economies compared. Even as oil prices recovered, 9 economies, including the US and the Euro Area as a whole, continued to experience a deflationary environment.
To download monthly international price indexes and inflation rates visit The Conference Board Business Cycle Indicators (BCI) program. International comparisons of monthly indicators are part of the U.S. BCI series. See country notes and technical notes associated with these series.
15 Apr. 2014
Average annual inflation in 2013 slowed in 13 of the 16 economies compared, and most economies experienced declining inflation for the second year in a row. Inflation in the Euro Area as a whole fell from 2.5 percent in 2012 to 1.3 percent in 2013, reflecting the sluggish economic conditions in member countries throughout the year. Learn more.
19 March, 2015 | Conference KeyNotes
Join us for a webcast featuring one of the best-rated presentations from
The Women's Leadership Conference. Margery Brittain, SVP,
Global Comp & Benefits, MetLife will delve into the past, present,
and future of global compensation for women.
18 March, 2015 | Human Capital Watch™
Join us to explore the global and regional results of the CEO Challenge® 2015 and the implications of a tightening US labor market.
16 March, 2015 | KnowlEdge Series®
Buy, build, borrow or redeploy are the traditional, go-to tactics for
closing talent gaps. But in some regions, talent isn’t a feasible or
cost-effective solution. Learn how GE weighs the full range of
options to closing the gap.
Discontinued ILC Series
International Comparisons of GDP per capita & per hour worked, 2012
17 Dec. 2013
XLS Time Series tables, 1960-2012
PDF Technical Notes
Ongoing Related Series: See The Conference Board Total Economy DatabaseTM (TED) for international comparisons of GDP, population, employment, hours worked, labor quality, capital services, labor productivity, and total factor productivity for 123 countries.
About the International Labor Comparisons Program
Formerly a division of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program prepares economic indicators that are comparable across countries. Often statistics from different countries are not comparable and do not allow for meaningful comparative analysis. In contrast, ILC adjusts economic statistics to facilitate meaningful and accurate comparisons between countries by using a common conceptual framework. These data can be used to evaluate the economic performance of one country relative to others.
ILC was eliminated by the federal government in 2013 due to across-the-board spending cuts. ILC produces internationally comparative datasets using the same concepts and methodology as those previously used by BLS. For historical data see www.bls.gov/ilc.