The Conference Board International Labor Comparisons
ILC is dedicated to producing economic indicators that optimize research, comparison, and planning in a global context.
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ILC Features and Special Studies
Monthly ILC reports will be discontinued; related data available via other programs
Beginning October 1, The Conference Board will no longer issue monthly International Labor Comparisons (ILC) reports on consumer prices and employment. This step will allow The Conference Board to dedicate more resources to continuing and strengthening of the annual ILC reports on labor compensation, productivity and competitiveness. The underlying data tables on monthly consumer prices and employment will continue to be published on Monthly International Indexes of Consumer Prices and on International Unemployment Rates and Employment Indexes through December 2014 (see schedule through December). Beginning January 1, 2015, related data series will be available via the Business Cycle Indicators program on a subscription basis. Historical monthly and annual datasets, will remain publicly available on The Conference Board website.
Charting International Labor Comparisons
21 Mar. 2014
Compare national labor markets and international competitiveness through charts and accompanying insights. Charts highlight labor costs, labor productivity, and other comparable indicators for up to 38 countries, including emerging economies. Learn More
11 Dec. 2014
Italy and Sweden experienced an increase in joblessness while the United States, Germany and Canada saw a decline in unemployment. Meanwhile, employment in Italy and Japan remained below pre-recession levels. Learn More
28 Aug. 2014
In the US, Canada, Germany, and Japan, rapidly falling unemployment rates reflect tightening labor markets. In contrast, high unemployment and increasing labor participation rates in Europe has resulted in an excess of available labor willing to fill jobs. Across most countries, growing numbers of women and older workers are joining the workforce, while youth are struggling to find jobs and increasingly dropping out of the labor force. Learn More
Updated. International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in the Manufacturing Sector, 1996-2013
17 Dec. 2014
Relative to 2012, Japan, Greece, Brazil, Australia, Singapore, Canada and Taiwan all saw decreases in US dollar-denominated hourly compensation costs, reflecting improved labor-cost competitiveness against the US in 2013. There is also a wide disparity of labor-cost trends within the Euro Area, as European labor markets recover differently. Further, the latest compensation trends suggest that India is better placed than China to maintain and extend its manufacturing competitiveness.
Compensation costs by sub-manufacturing industry and special estimates on manufacturing compensation in China and India are accessible in time series tables and interactive dashboards. Learn More
17 Dec. 2013
In 2012, productivity weakened in 12 of the 19 economies compared. Nearly all Euro Area countries compared saw larger declines in unit labor costs than the US, meaning these countries increased their competitive edge against US manufacturing. On the other hand, unit labor costs rose across all Asian economies compared, making manufacturing in these countries less competitive. Learn more.
04 Dec. 2014
In October, inflation trends within Europe were largely mixed. Italy experienced rising prices for the first time since June 2014, while Spain continued in a deflationary environment. Meanwhile, inflation slowed substantially in Japan. Learn more.
15 Apr. 2014
Average annual inflation in 2013 slowed in 13 of the 16 economies compared, and most economies experienced declining inflation for the second year in a row. Inflation in the Euro Area as a whole fell from 2.5 percent in 2012 to 1.3 percent in 2013, reflecting the sluggish economic conditions in member countries throughout the year. Learn more.
12 November, 2014 | KnowlEdge Series®
Learn how the global economy may affect your business. Discover how corporate profitability may be affected under the influence of global economic (and policy) forces around the world and plan your response with help from our economists.
30 October, 2014 | Special Webcast
How does your executive compensation practice compare? Join us and find out as we uncover the results of our annual Top Executive Compensation survey of over 2,000 US-listed companies.
22 October, 2014 | KnowlEdge Series®
How will the long fall in China's growth impact risks and opportunities for business?
Discontinued ILC Series
International Comparisons of GDP per capita & per hour worked, 2012
17 Dec. 2013
XLS Time Series tables, 1960-2012
PDF Technical Notes
Ongoing Related Series: See The Conference Board Total Economy DatabaseTM (TED) for international comparisons of GDP, population, employment, hours worked, labor quality, capital services, labor productivity, and total factor productivity for 123 countries.
About the International Labor Comparisons Program
Formerly a division of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program prepares economic indicators that are comparable across countries. Often statistics from different countries are not comparable and do not allow for meaningful comparative analysis. In contrast, ILC adjusts economic statistics to facilitate meaningful and accurate comparisons between countries by using a common conceptual framework. These data can be used to evaluate the economic performance of one country relative to others.
ILC was eliminated by the federal government in 2013 due to across-the-board spending cuts. ILC produces internationally comparative datasets using the same concepts and methodology as those previously used by BLS. For historical data see www.bls.gov/ilc.